Whether you have just moved into a new home, or have decided to give your existing yard a makeover, adding a tree to your property offers a multitude of benefits. As well as the obvious qualities like clean air, shade and beauty; if you stick to native Australian trees such as the glorious Golden Wattle, research shows your yard will attract more bird species.
Take the time to carefully consider each of the following conditions before selecting and planting your tree, and the value of your property could rise by 5.4% according to research carried out in Brisbane.
Because Australian soil is so ancient when compared to that of the rest of the world, it tends to be low in fertility and nutrients. This is especially true of urban areas, where the soil has been disturbed and compacted making it susceptible to drought. Determining the quality of the soil in your yard will help you decide which tree species would be most suitable. Hire an arborist to test the salinity, fertility and PH. They should also be able to advise you on techniques to improve the quality of your soil.
If your yard has poor drainage, for example, if the ground is swampy or wet and retains water after rainfall, you might have to opt for a tree that thrives in water, such as a Chinese Elm, or a Melaleuca. Most tree root systems require air just as much as they do water, and will suffocate and die if left to grow in an area with poor drainage.
Research pest problems common in your area, then select a tree that is resistant to those particular pests.
Survey your yard to make sure your tree has enough room to grow, and mature without encroaching on utilities, both overhead and underground. Place your tree well and it can help to reduce noise pollution by up to 40%.
Be aware that not all trees are equal when it comes to hardiness. Some species can tolerate extreme heat but wilt in extreme cold, while other species can tolerate both extremes. Pay a visit to your local garden center for more information on the hardiness ranges of your region.
Most trees, especially fruit trees, require lots of sunlight in order to grow to their fullest potential. Some tree species can survive in shaded areas and others even prefer areas of less sunlight, however most trees need full sunlight if they are to properly grow and flower.
Your species selection should now be a much simpler matter. Choose a tree that offers all the benefits you desire, whilst meeting the constraints of your chosen planting site.
Once you have addressed each of the above issues, you should be just about ready to plant your new addition. Choose your tree species wisely and you will reap the benefits for many years to come.